How do Traumatic Brain Injuries, also known as TBIs occur?
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states that 1.7 million people suffer a brain injury each year in the United States. It also reports that 5.3 million people live with the effects of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) annually. The top three causes of TBI include falls, car accidents, and being struck by an object. Elderly people and young adults have more TBIs than people in any other age category.
How TBIs Occur
Although TBI can have dozens of causes, those listed below are the most common:
Chemical/Toxic: This type of TBI occurs when harmful chemicals or toxins damage the neurons in a person's brain. These can include carbon monoxide poisoning, insecticides, lead, or solvents.
Closed Head Injury: As the most common type of TBI, closed head injuries happen most often due to falls and car accidents.
Diffuse Axonal Injury: This type of TBI occurs when there is a sudden and quick acceleration and the head may or may strike a hard surface. The movement causes the brain to move and stretch. Parts of the brain can die from the force. Assault is the leading cause of this brain injury type.
Hypoxia: This means that the brain went without oxygen and sustained injury because of it. It happens due to heart attacks, drug overdose, sudden low oxygen levels, a blood pressure drop, or respiratory failure.
Infections: Encephalitis and meningitis are two serious infectious brain diseases that can cause TBI and threaten life.
Open Head Injury: An open head injury happens when something penetrates the skull, such as a bullet.
Stroke: A stroke causes an interruption in blood flow to the brain.
Tumor Growth: A tumor that grows on or over the brain can cause long-lasting damage, even after a doctor surgically removes it.
Why It's Important to Know Your Type of TBI
How you acquired a brain injury matters because it affects the severity of symptoms you experience. If you are unsure, ask your doctor for an explanation. Since many forms of TBI affect attention, memory, word finding and fatigue, we are here to help you on the road to recovery.Free Consultation