A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can happen when a person's head collides with an object or an object pierces the skull.
Examples include striking the head on a car's windshield during a car accident and a lawn dart piercing the skull. A TBI can also occur when one person violently assaults another.
Symptoms of a TBI
A TBI can range from mild to severe. Mild TBIs typically include concussions and are often misdiagnosed and under treated. Some of the symptoms commonly associated with mild TBI include:
Change in mood or behavior
Difficulty with concentration and memory
Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes (a person can still have a brain injury without a loss of consciousness)
Ringing in the ears
Change in taste
People who experience a moderate to severe TBI often have many of these same symptoms. However, they also experience the following:
Convulsions or seizures
Difficulty waking up from sleep
Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
Increased agitation, confusion, or restlessness
Poor awareness of changes in thinking
Weakness or numbness in the arms, hands, legs, or feet
It's important to note that you or a loved one may not experience these symptoms right away after a TBI. They could happen days or weeks later. Even if you see a doctor right after the injury and think you feel fine, don't hesitate to get medical help if you start having any of these symptoms.
Treatment for TBI
The treatment you or a family member receive after a TBI depends on its seriousness. Of course, the immediate concern is getting you medically stabilized. Many people go to the emergency room after a TBI and some are admitted to the hospital for surgery or observation.
Rehabilitative care after a TBI is important to help get you back to your highest level of functioning. Your rehabilitation team may include some or all of the following:
Speech therapy: Speech-language pathologists have a variety of roles in the recovery process. They can assist with communication and thinking skills. Therapists at Progressive Therapy Associates help to improve cognitive and executive function skills such as focus and memory, time management, starting and completing tasks, routines (sleep, medications, home and work), managing mental fatigue, reading and understanding, word finding, cognitive endurance, and awareness and insight.
As a leading provider of speech-language pathology services working with adolescents and adults who have experienced a TBI, we welcome your questions at any time.Free Consultation